PMCH Seminar Series

Mar 24, 2011

 

"Neighborhood Context and General Health among Non-Hispanic Whites, Non-Hispanic Blacks and

Hispanics of Mexican Origin: Results of the Texas City Stress and Health Study"

 

Quynh Do, MPH

Graduate Student, Population Health Sciences Program

Pre-Doctoral Fellow, Sealy Center on Aging

 

Thursday, March 31

12:00 PM

1.104 Ewing Hall

 

 

 

Abstract:  Neighborhoods have emerged as an important context for physical and psychological health. However, the impact of neighborhood perceptions on multidimensional health has been relatively unexplored. Negative perceptions concerning neighborhood environment can be a serious stressor of health and can be exacerbated when living near environmental hazards such as a petrochemical complex. Furthermore, little is known about how the relationship between neighborhood perceptions and health varies by race/ethnicity. Using data from the Texas City Stress and Health Study, this study examines the association between neighborhood perceptions and overall health among non-Hispanic whites, non-Hispanic blacks, and Hispanics of Mexican origin (n=2,500). Perceptions of neighborhood characteristics were measured across four dimensions of neighborhood context: perceived crime, social embeddedness, sense of community and neighborhood satisfaction. Overall health was measured by the SF-36, a multi-purpose, short-form health survey that is summed to calculate a score ranging from 0 to 100. The mean SF-36 was 63.6 ± 23.9 and the mean perceived neighborhood score was 21.4 ± 7.8. Results from hierarchical linear modeling showed that neighborhood perception is significantly and positively related to overall health. The results suggest overall health increased with more positive perception of neighborhood, especially in Hispanics of Mexican origin. Individual-level factors were statistically significant in predicting overall health including being female, age, Mexican origin, education, health insurance, low or middle income, former/current smoker, and underweight or obese. Thus, suggesting that the composition of the neighborhood (i.e., population) is more important than the neighborhood context itself in predicting physical and psychological health.

Congratulations to the 20th Annual Forum on Aging Poster Session winners!!

Student Poster Award Winners
Neuroscience – Kara Barber & Claudia Marino
Basic Science – Danelo Cortez
Rehabilitation – Kay Kulkarni
Health Disparities – Jaqueline Contrera Avila & Mary Margaret King
Medical Effectiveness – Keli Perino
Clinical Trials & Implementation – Leyla Akhverdiyeva

Congratulations to the 20th Annual Forum on Aging Poster Session winners!!

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To view all the photos from the event, click here: http://scoa.dphoto.com/#/album/7c9ecw

Congratulations Naiomi Jamal!!

Jamal, Naiomi

Please join me in congratulating Naiomi Jamal on her 2016 President's Cabinet Award! She received this for her program focused on Parent Based Teen Pregnancy Prevention. This is a very prestigious award - Congratulations Naiomi!

Congratulations LJ Panas on your new job at Kansas Health Institute!!

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Lawrence John Panas, Ph.D., Senior Analyst, joined KHI in 2016 after earning a doctorate degree in population health sciences and a master's degree in public Health from UTMB. His work at UTMB focused on community health improvement and also on public health systems and services. Prior to joining KHI, he was a graduate/research assistant at the UTMB. During that time, Lawrence was also involved in a wide range of work related to issues such as aging, disability, mortality, minority health and health disparities.

Congratulations to Zakkoyya Lewis on your new job at Beachbody, LLC.

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Zakkoyya (Koyya) Lewis accepted a position at Beachbody, LLC as their Fitness Research Manager in their Fitness and Nutrition Results department. This position is the first of its kind. As the Fitness Research Manager, Koyya is responsible for standardizing the measurement protocols for test groups on new products sponsored by Beachbody. She is responsible for the collection and evaluation of all test group data. It is also her responsibility to ensure that claims on new fitness programs meet scientific standards. In addition to running test groups, Koyya works directly with UTMB alum Erin Glynn, PhD and Research & Development as well as Digital Productions. She works as a liaison between departments to identify ways to improve programs and motivate customers.  

Congratulations Dr. Arcari and Dr. Rudkin!! 

Christine M. Arcari, PhD, MPH

Rudkin, Laura

Please join me in congratulating SOM Year 2 student Lynda Chowdhury and Drs. Arcari and Rudkin on their 2016 President's Cabinet Award! They received this for their application titled Health Fair Kits To Go: Turning Service into Service Learning. This is another very prestigious award for our department - Congratulations Lynda, Dr. Arcari, and Dr. Rudkin!

Please join us in wishing Joseph Saenz, PhD a farewell as he embarks on a new adventure.

 

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 Joseph Saenz obtained his PhD and is going to be a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the University of Southern California, Davis School of Gerontology, working with Dr. Eileen Crimmins and colleagues.

During his PhD stay at UTMB Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, and SCOA, he published several papers on aging among U.S. Hispanics and Mexicans. He consistently made presentations in local, national, and international professional meetings and conferences, winning several honors and awards.

At SCOA, he also coordinated the MHAS research work group.

We will miss him for his great scholarship, extraordinary citizenship, and personal disposition!

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